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How to Write a Speech: Construction

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To incite actions that would harm others e. United States, U. To make or distribute obscene materials. United States , U. To burn draft cards as an anti-war protest.

To permit students to print articles in a school newspaper over the objections of the school administration. Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier , U. Of students to make an obscene speech at a school-sponsored event. Bethel School District 43 v. Fraser , U. Think of it as a sandwich. The opening and ending are the slices of bread holding the filling body together. You can build yourself a simple sandwich with one filling or you can go gourmet and add up to three or even five.

The choice is yours. But whatever you choose to serve, as a good cook, you need to consider who is going to eat it! Consider HOW you can explain show, tell that to your audience in the most effective way for them to easily understand it. If you need to know more about why check out this page on building rapport. To help you write from an audience point of view, identify either a real person or the type of person who is most likely to be listening to you.

Make sure you select someone who represents the "majority". That is they are neither struggling to comprehend you at the bottom of your scale or light-years ahead at the top.

Give them a name, for example, Joe, to help make them real. If this is your first speech the safety net of having everything written down could be just what you need. Joe is not a mind-reader.

Check for jargon too. These are industry, activity or group exclusive words. If it flows naturally continue the process with your next main idea. Remember you are writing "oral language". You are writing as if you were explaining, telling or showing something to someone. We use whole sentences and part ones, and we mix them up with asides or appeals e. Of course you did. Is your speech being evaluated? Between each of your main ideas you need to provide a pathway.

This links them for your listeners. The clearer the path, the easier it is to make the transition from one idea to the next. If your speech contains more than three main ideas and each is building on the last, then consider using a "catch-up" or summary as part of your transitions. Everybody died BUT their ghosts remained, 2. His partner reformed and after a fight-out with the hero, they both strode off into the sunset, 3.

And now what about one more? What if nobody died? Go back through your main ideas checking the links. Remember Joe as you go. Try each transition or link out loud and listen to yourself.

Write them down when they are clear and concise. The ideal ending is highly memorable. You want it to live on in the minds of your listeners long after your speech is finished. Find purpose or thesis. Why are you giving a speech on this topic? Thesis is the main point to emphasize. Your topic may cover your near-death experience, but your thesis or purpose could be advocating the use of seat belts. You need reasoning to back it up; "It saved my life" is pretty hard to argue with!

A good speech is made for a good reason: All good speeches require shape: A speech is not an amorphous blob or tangled strings of thought. Body of the speech. State at least three points to support your argument. If they build on each other, good. For your first draft, you can make a list and pick out the strongest arguments later. Make sure your reason is sound, and then you can try to add persuasive techniques.

By manipulating their emotions pathos , or by simple use of logic logos. Neither is necessarily stronger or more effective than the others; it all depends on the situation.

That being said, what do they know? Put yourself in their shoes as you write -- what background knowledge do they need before you jump in to the meat of your argument?

Personalize your speech by hooking members of your audience. Build agreement with your topic and a sense of rapport with you. Former Ambassador Robert Strauss used to begin his addresses like this: Wear your sincere smile, even in your writing. Audiences will be able to tell. You may want to begin with an amusing one-liner or thought-provoking anecdote that can be connected to the situation.

The more comfortable and open you are, the more your audience will feel drawn to you. A speech with "heart" is the most moving kind. Focus on your message. Your speech has one message and it is the only thing that needs to be addressed thoroughly. Your audience will be left wondering what the heck is going on. Rambling will lose their attention. When you have a point addressed and taken care of, do not be afraid to move on.

You have more points that deserve the spotlight -- give each its evenly-spread due. Make your writing graphic. Your goal is to make the main points of your writing in the speech stick in the minds of your audience.

This can be taken a number of ways. Images should be used appropriately. The best actors are equally effective if not more so in between their lines. Write pauses, or beats, when you really want a point to sink in. People will automatically take notice -- looking, straightening up and cocking their head to the side and actually hearing the silence. Speeches need to be natural - not read off of a paper.

And when you talk, you have pauses. Start off with a strong introduction. Open with a big statement that will grab the attention of the audience. Remember that engaging hook we talked about? That goes in now.

Dive right in, getting personal and showing your human side. Opening with important remarks or quotes will immediately establish credibility. Use inclusive terms for individuals.

Your audience will feel more included and a sense of belonging. In a speech by Nelson Mandela, he started off with, "Today we celebrate not the victory of a party, but a victory for all the people of South Africa.

Build the body of the speech. This part should contain the main points of the issue and support for each one. That list you made earlier? Narrow it down to about three. Which ones are the most convincing?

Start off with your strongest point. You want the audience to start off seeing zero holes through your argument. Get them on your side before they get the chance to nitpick what you have to say. Put your weakest argument in the middle. And, indeed, it will be. End with your second strongest argument.

You want to vamp it up a notch towards the end. Reel them back in, rounding out your argument with your last piece of evidence. Be aware of your transitions. Build clear and sensible transitions from one thought to the next.

Freedom of speech does not include the right:

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If you have a speech problem, achieving and keeping control of your speech might be a lifelong process. Although speech therapy can help, you are sure to have ups and downs in your efforts to communicate. Jul 27,  · How to Write a Speech. You may find that you are expected to speak at a public gathering or social event, and being prepared to speak at these occasions requires planning and preparing the text. Here are tips to help you plan and write a 81%(31).